Social impact assessment in transport planning

Topic AccessibilityInclusionSustainabilityProductsPublic TransportDevelopmentGuideline


  • Location: Kronoberg, Southeast Sweden, Scandinavia
  • Year: 2018
  • Initiator: The Kronoberg region authority


The Kronoberg region in Sweden is striving to ensure that requirements of users in different life situations are considered in regional transport planning.


The authority of the Kronoberg region provides a guideline and tools for use in planning, implementation and monitoring of regional transport planning. The document describes what social sustainability can be in the transport sector, what goals regional actors have to relate to when it comes to social aspects and what special challenges exist in Kronoberg linked to the transport sector [1].

For example, different perspectives are highlighted in the guidelines:

  • Individual perspectives: describes who may be affected by an intervention/project. For example, individuals have different preconditions to be mobile which connects to age, gender, ability, family relations and more.
  • Geographic perspective: describes which geographies are affected by an intervention/project. For example, urban areas, which parts of the urban area, rural areas, what type of rural areas. The transport system affects the various groups’ prerequisites to meet their transport needs, depending on where a person lives, works, or has their leisure time.
  • Mobility perspective: describes which means of transport benefit from a project. This is relevant because different groups have different conditions and preferences to use different means of transport. By including this perspective, conclusions can be drawn about means of transport and which groups benefit from the intervention/project.


Social perspectives in transport planning handle mapping and analysing [2]:

  • Different groups’ need for infrastructure, public transport and target points
  • Accessibility by various groups to infrastructure, public transport and target points
  • Consequences for different groups of decisions related to transport planning
  • Different groups’ ability to participate in planning processes linked to transport planning
  • Facilitate meetings between people and support active life.


[1] Social Impact Assessment: tools to include social aspects.

[2] Tools for use in planning, implementation and monitoring of regional transport planning. 

[3] Kronoberg Region website. 

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